We use “a” if the noun begins with a consonantal sound.
E.G.: a book, a house, a university!!!, a tree,...
We use “an” if the noun begins with a vowel sound.
E.G.: an apple, an earring, an hour!!!, an interesting story...
We use “some” and “any” with plural countable nouns and uncountable nouns. Generally “some” is used in positive sentences and “any” is used in questions and negative sentences.
Plural countable nouns.
- Affirmative: I've got some friends in Germany.
- Interrogative: Have you got any friends in Sweden?
- Negative: I haven't got any friends in Scotland.
- Affirmative: There is some butter in the fridge.
- Interrogative: Is there any butter in the fridge.
- Negative: There isn't any butter in the fridge.
There is one exception to this rule:
We use “some” instead of “any”in questions when we request or offer something:
- Request: Could I have some water, please?
- Offer: Would you like some bread?
The printable worksheet contains the following activities:
1. Complete with a, an, some or any and the name of the thing.
2. Fill in the gaps with correct word (a/an/some/any).
Could I have ______________ Coke, please?
Could I have ______________ milk, please?
I always have ______________ orange in the morning.
There isn't ______________ sugar.
There is ______________ cheese in the fridge.
Have you got ______________ posters on your bedroom walls?
I have ______________ brother and ______________ sister.
I don't drink ______________ alcohol.
Are there ______________ children in the room?
She doesn't have ______________ brothers or sisters.
3. Complete the paragraph using a/an, some or any.